STP Spanning tree

STP comes with extra features that help keep the network stable. Here's a simple explanation of these features and when to use them:

Root Guard: This stops devices from sending certain kinds of messages on certain connections. Use Root Guard on certain connections to make sure the main part of the network stays stable. Don't use it on connections between important switches.

Admin Edge: This lets a connection start working without waiting. It's good for connections with only one device or with a computer connected to a phone. But be careful, because it might not catch network problems. Only use Admin Edge on connections facing devices like computers.

BPDU Guard: This automatically stops certain messages from being sent on certain connections. You should usually activate this feature on specific ports that connect to devices used by users, like computers or printers, on access switches. BPDU Guard is especially helpful because it ensures that BPDUs are not received on access ports, which prevents loops and, importantly, guards against spoofed BPDU packets. This means it adds an extra layer of protection against fake or deceptive messages in the network.

BPDU Filter: This ignores certain messages on a connection and doesn't send its own messages. It's used in special cases, like when different groups want separate networks. Normally, it's best not to use BPDU Filter, unless you're in a specific situation.

Loop Protect: This is like a backup system for STP. It can find problems when a device causes a loop but doesn't follow STP rules. It stops connections when it senses a loop and restarts them when the problem is fixed. Use this for all the connections facing devices to avoid accidental loops. Don't use it on important connections in the network.

Fault Monitor: This watches for big traffic or errors in connections. It can log events, send alerts, or temporarily stop a connection. Turn on Fault Monitor to get alerts for recognized problems, and use it on all connections for a stable network. But don't use the "stop" feature with Fault Monitor, because Loop Protect handles that.


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